The cancer of Prostate glands is referred as the Prostate cancer. The prostate gland is found in the pelvis beneath the bladder and is a walnut-sized organ present only in men. This organ lies in the rectum and wraps around the urethra which is the tube through which urine leaves the body. The prostate gland discharges some portion of the liquid bit of the semen, or seminal liquid, which conveys sperm made by the testicles. This seminal liquid is fundamental to reproduction.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common kind of cancer which is found in men after lung cancer and colorectal cancer. It is particularly prevalent in men who are over 50 years of age and surely it develops with the increasing age. In certain cases, prostate cancer in India has been seen developing in a tender age as well.
Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer
Most of the symptoms of this disease is connected to the amplification of the gland, which is not specific to only prostate cancer but can also be caused by other disorders such as benign prostatic hyperplasia which expands the prostate organ. In the initial stage prostate cancer may be small and there might not be sufficient symptoms to find out the cancer but the symptoms of prostate cancer can be:
- Interrupted force of urine stream
- Difficulty to start urinating
- Blood in the urine or semen
- A frequent urge to pass the urine
- Pain or burning sensation while urinating
- Painful ejaculation or erectile dysfunction
- Pain in the abdominal area.
- Weight loss, pain in bones, and too much swelling
Risk factors associated with Prostate Cancer
The various risk factors may depend person to person but can include the following:
Age – This disease is particularly rare in men who are under 40 years or age but can increase in men over 65.
Ethnicity or Race – Generally men belonging to African ancestry are detected with this cancer than any other race or ethnic background. Prostate Cancer is India is not that likely to develop this as per the studies. It is quite common in European Countries, North American Countries, Caribbean and Australia. Less found in Africa, Asia, and Central and South America.
Family history – In some cases, prostate cancer can cause if there is a family history of the same. In case, the father or brother had this cancer, there are chances that other male relatives too would develop this cancer. It surely increases in case the number of affected people in the family is more.
Lifestyle – Diet and lifestyle also contribute to prostate cancer. High consumption of Red meats, fatty foods and less consumption of vegetables and fruits could be one additional factor of developing this prostate cancer. Additionally, obesity is also a risk in developing this disease. In case the diet is rich in calcium and dairy, this can trigger prostate cancer too.
In order to avoid any kind of disease it is a must to follow a disciplined lifestyle. Having good food and including exercises in daily routine can help overcome any such issue.